The Kodiak Driver

The Kodiak Driver is the industry’s most advanced technology stack purpose-built for long-haul trucks, leveraging a unique sensor fusion system and lightweight mapping solution. Today, the Kodiak Driver handles all aspects of highway driving, delivering freight safely, efficiently, and on time.

Made for every aspect of highway driving.

We’ve purpose-built the Kodiak Driver to operate in the environmental conditions required for long-haul trucking.


With shifting lanes, speed changes, heavy machinery, road workers, construction-specific signs and more, construction zones represent some of the toughest challenges for self-driving vehicles.

Heavy traffic

Rush hour. Holiday traffic. Construction backups. Heavy traffic is a normal but challenging highway occurrence. Our trucks can handle these hard to anticipate moments, optimizing their braking and acceleration to optimize for delivery windows while maximizing fuel efficiency.


Freight routes rarely run on a single highway. Our trucks merge on and off highways and can handle the hard to predict merges of other drivers.

Operating day and night

Without hours of service restrictions the Kodiak Driver will be able to run nearly 24/7. Today we operate day and night, delivering freight in full sunlight and near-complete darkness.

Harsh weather

Freight needs to get where it is needed regardless of the weather. We believe the same. Our trucks deliver rain or shine.

Changing lanes

Slower-moving vehicles, interchanges, vehicles on the shoulder, and even unexpected obstacles are common on highways. The Kodiak Driver can identify, plan, and execute a path around obstacles to safely continue towards its destination.

Delivering industry-leading performance.

Watch all 800+ miles as the Kodiak Driver completes back-to-back round trips between DFW and Houston, with zero disengagements of our self-driving system.

Built for trucks

The Kodiak Driver was built from the ground up specifically for trucks. Trucks run for hundreds of thousands of miles, in the harshest of environments, for extremely long stretches. Our focus has always been on building technology that’s reliable, safe, automotive-grade, and commercial ready.

  • Sensing
    Using an array of sensors, the truck is able to "see" what's around it.
  • Thinking
    A custom computer processes sensor data and plans the truck's path.
  • Acting
    The steering column, brakes, and throttle are controlled by the computer to safely move the truck to its destination.
  • Human Machine Interface
    An intuitive user interface ensures the Safety Driver is able to take control at all times, whether in manual or autonomous mode.
Truck scheme

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A layered approach

Our technology stack is made of complex software and hardware system layers, each of which is responsible for a different component of the self-driving task.

1. Sensing

How the truck “sees” what’s around it, using its wide range of sensors.

2. Perception

How the truck turns what it “sees” into meaningful, actionable information.

3. Localization

How the vehicle places itself in the world and determines its location, orientation, and speed.

4. Planning

How the vehicle decides where to drive, taking into account road conditions and the likely behaviors of other actors and objects on the road 

5. Controls

Actually applying the throttle or brakes, turning the wheels, and otherwise actuating the vehicle to precisely follow the plan.

Always aware

The Kodiak Driver takes the unique approach of treating all its sensors as primary. This allows our technology to build a richer understanding of its surroundings while maximizing performance by taking advantage of each sensor’s unique properties.

Kodiak Vision

The LiDARs, radars and cameras found on Kodiak trucks are incredibly powerful, but they’re only as powerful as the perception layer that processes the data they capture to create an understanding of what’s happening around the truck. We call our perception system Kodiak Vision and it has three main steps:

1. Raw data

The Kodiak Driver’s sensor suite collects raw data about the world around the truck.

2. Detections

Detectors process raw data to locate and classify objects.

3. Fusion

The Kodiak Vision Tracker fuses the detections from each detector.

Kodiak Sparse Maps

Instead of relying on the HD maps commonly used in the industry, the Kodiak Driver uses a unique lightweight mapping approach. Our maps contain just enough information about the highway to make autonomy possible, and allow us to quickly respond to the changing world. Unlike HD maps, Kodiak Sparse Maps are easier to build and maintain, and are so small we can ship updates to the entire fleet over-the-air. A key advantage when keeping our entire fleet on the same page, even when a construction zone pops-up, or a lane changes.

Safety. Always.

Safety is mission-critical. Whether we’re running a simulation, testing our hardware or software, or putting our trucks on the road, we hold ourselves and each other to the highest safety standards in trucking, self-driving or otherwise.

Safety Culture

At Kodiak safety is everyone’s responsibility. We’ve developed clear policies and procedures to ensure we follow safety best practices at every step of our development cycle and commercial operations.

Safety Drivers

Our world-class Safety Drivers are responsible for monitoring both the road and the behavior of the vehicle.

Get the full story

Download our complete Safety Report to read more on how we’re developing and testing the Kodiak Driver, safely.